Dictionary

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There are 7 names in this directory beginning with the letter S.
Selenium
Chemical element close to sulfur. It is a mineral, a nutrient consisting of pure mineral elements which, in very small quantities, is necessary for our organism.

Sleep apnea
Ventilation disorder characterized by unusually frequent pauses in breathing (apneas) during sleep. Risk factors for sleep apnea include being overweight.

Spider angioma
Swollen blood vessels found beneath the skin surface (upper part of the trunk and face), containing a central red spot and reddish extensions which radiate outwards. It disappears to pressure. As palmar erythema, spider angioma can be a sign of hepatic insufficiency.

Steatosis
Hepatic steatosis is the abnormal retention of fat in the liver. It means an accumulation of triglycerides fat in the liver cells (hepatocytes)

Storage disease
Metabolic diseases that are characterized by an abnormal build-up of various toxic materials in the body’s cells often as a result of enzyme deficiencies (genetically transmitted). A well-known example is the hemochromatosis (iron).

Stroke
The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood flow (ischemic stroke or brain infarction) or rupture of an artery to the brain (hemorrhagic stroke).

Sulfur
Chemical element found (in organic form) in certain foods, such as garlic, shallots, or leeks. It is present in all the cells of our body. In the liver, it participates to detoxification.