Dictionary

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There are 11 names in this directory beginning with the letter A.
Acute Hepatitis
Liver inflammation due to a viral infection (or other cause) that doesn’t last more than six months. Beyond that duration, one speak about chronic hepatitis.

Aetiology
Branch of medical science concerned with the causes and origins of diseases.

Allicine
Organosulphuric component (organic compound containing at least one sulfur atom), present in garlic or onions.

Antibody
Immune defense (immunoglobulin) produced by the B Lymphocytes. It bind to the undesirable foreign substance (antigen) in order to neutralize it.

Ascites
Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity (abdomen).

Asterixis
Involuntary jerking movement in the hands elicited by extending the arm; result from lapses of sustained muscular tone. It is a sign of a sign of hepatic insufficiency. Synonym of “flapping tremor”.

Asthenia
Medical term for the condition known as weakness.

Asymptomatic
Having or showing no symptoms of disease.

Autoantibody
An autoantibody is an antibody produced by the immune system that is directed against one of the individual’s own protein. That mechanism characterizes autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune disease
Autoimmune diseases are caused by a dysfunction of the immune system which attacks normal body constituents.

Autoimmune hepatitis
Liver inflammatory disease caused by the presence of autoantibodies directed against the liver cells.